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Coronavirus: Who is at Risk and What to Do

Mohan Qi, MS, RD
3
March 13, 2020

Confirmed Cases

As by March 13th, 2020, the total confirmed cases of COVID-19 have risen to 137,445 worldwide affecting 117 countries/regions, including the United States. World Health Organization has announced COVID-19 is now officially a pandemic in March 11th, 2020. 

Seriousness of the Symptoms

According to Chinese Center of Disease Control and Prevention’s study based on 44,672 confirmed cases in China, 80.9% cases had mild symptoms, 13.8% cases had severe symptoms and needed to be hospitalized, 4.7% cases were critically ill and needed to be taken care at the intensive care unit. 

Note: 0.6% were missing data

Recovery Rate

Total recovered case of COVID-19 worldwide is 69,779 (by 9:53 am, March 13th, 2020), the recovery rate of COVID-19 is about 50.7% based on the statistics from Johns Hopkins University.  

Fatality Rate (Death Rate)

Total death of COVID-19 worldwide is 5,088 (by 9:53 am, March 13th, 2020). The case fatality rate is about 3.7% worldwide based on current statistics. The estimated death rate ranges from 0.7-3.4%

Who Are at Higher Risk

According to the study from the Chinese CDC, people aged 60+ are at highest risk. Case fatality rate increases with age.

People with comorbid conditions like diabetes, severe asthma, and hypertension are at higher risk too

Older adults and people who have severe underlying chronic medical conditions like heart or lung disease or diabetes/hypertension seem to be at higher risk for developing more serious complications from COVID-19.

What to do if You are at High Risk

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds 
  • Never touch your eyes, nose or mouth with unclean hands
  • Avoid crowded place
  • Avoid all non-essential trips including flight and cruise
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces such as tables, doorknobs, handles, phones, laptops, etc daily
  • Ensure enough stock of necessary medications in case the outbreak occurs in your community
  • Maintain good blood sugar and/or blood pressure 
  • Check your blood sugar and blood pressure as recommended by your providers
  • Eat balanced and healthy meals, ask your dietitian if you need more guidance
  • Exercise regularly at home if you can
  • Pay attention to potential COVID-19 symptoms including fever, cough, shortness of breath, etc. If you feel like you are developing symptoms, call your doctor.

What to Do if You are Sick

  • Stay home and call your doctor. Let them know about your symptoms and tell them that you have or may have COVID-19.
  • Limit contact with others
  • Wear a mask if you have to go out or when caregiver or family member is taking care of you
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds 
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces
  • Monitor your symptoms
  • Call 911 if you have a medical emergency, let the dispatch personnel know that you have or may have COVID-19.

For more information on COVID-19, see blog article: https://www.ihealthunifiedcare.com/coronavirus-and-the-common-cold-how-will-we-stay-safe/

Stay healthy and safe :) Don’t panic. 

From your Care Team at Unified Care