All About Simple Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates or “carbs” are the sugars, starches, and fibers found in milk products and plant foods such as fruits, vegetables, nuts and grains. Like protein and fat, they provide energy for the body, but are digested and utilized a little differently. Depending on their structure and how they are broken down during digestion, carbs are considered either “simple” or “complex.” In this article, we will discuss the different types of simple carbohydrates and food sources of them.

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A Focus on Fiber

There are two types of fiber we can get from food: soluble and insoluble fibers. Each type provides different benefits.  If you have a well-balanced and healthy diet, you will generally get around 75% more insoluble fiber than soluble fiber. Although neither type is absorbed by the body, they have different properties when mixed with liquids, hence the designation between the two. They have some of the same beneficial physiological effects and similar sources, so you may hear less about the two being distinctly different.

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Diabetes and Kidney Function

Diabetes is a widespread epidemic, affecting around 20 million people in the United States and 171 million people worldwide.  Diabetes is often associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD, regardless of its underlying etiology, is defined as either kidney damage or decreased kidney function for ≥ 3 months. For nearly half of patients who receive dialysis therapy, diabetes is the primary cause of their kidney failure. Continue reading “Diabetes and Kidney Function”

Take Control of Your Meals: The Portioned Plate

For people that are just starting out planning their meals and need a basic guide, the Portioned Plate is fast and easy to use. When eating away from home, it makes planning your meals easier and ensures you still get all the basic nutrients you need. You do not need to weigh foods or use measuring cups, but it still helps you keep the amount of food you eat at each meal controlled and consistent. For people with diabetes, it makes medication management easier as well. 

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