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The Hazards of Loneliness

Nina Ghamrawi, MS, RD, CDE
June 26, 2023
December 18, 2023

It's important to note that while being alone can be enjoyable and beneficial, it's still important to maintain social connections and seek support from others when needed. While it is a common human experience, loneliness can have significant negative impacts on our mental health. Here is why being alone can be great, become a hazard, and how to get out of your loneliness.

Being Alone Can be Enjoyable, Yes!

It's common for people to enjoy being alone at times, and there are several reasons why:

  • Spending time alone can provide an opportunity for relaxation and rejuvenation.
  • When we are alone, we can tune out distractions and focus on our own thoughts and feelings, which can help us recharge and feel more centered.
  • We may have more freedom and independence. Have you ever been a parent? Being alone can feel like a vacation. When we are alone, we have the autonomy to make our own decisions and pursue our own interests without the influence or restrictions of others.
  • Being alone for a little while gives you the opportunity for self-reflection and personal growth. When we are alone, we may be more likely to engage in introspection and reflect on our goals, values, and aspirations.

Finally, some people simply enjoy their own company and find comfort in solitude. But being alone from time to time can also lead to being alone too often. This can be a dangerous slippery slope of mental health issues.

The Dangers of Being Lonely

  1. Increased risk of depression: Loneliness can increase the risk of developing depression. Studies have shown that individuals who are lonely are more likely to experience symptoms of depression, such as sadness, hopelessness, and loss of interest in activities.
  2. Higher levels of anxiety: Loneliness can also contribute to higher levels of anxiety. When we are lonely, we may feel more vulnerable and insecure, which can lead to feelings of anxiety and fear.
  3. Weakened immune system: Chronic loneliness can weaken the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to illness and disease.
  4. Increased risk of cognitive decline: Loneliness has been linked to cognitive decline in older adults. Studies have shown that lonely older adults are at a higher risk for developing Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia.
  5. Negative impact on physical health: Loneliness has been linked to a variety of physical health problems, such as high blood pressure, heart disease, and obesity.
  6. Higher risk of substance abuse: Loneliness can increase the risk of substance abuse. Individuals who are lonely may turn to drugs or alcohol as a way to cope with their feelings of isolation and disconnection.

How to Combat Loneliness

  • Building strong relationships: Focus on building and maintaining strong relationships with family, friends, and colleagues. Make time for regular social activities and stay in touch with loved ones.
  • Joining social groups: Look for local groups or clubs that align with your hobbies or interests.
Feeling lonely? Joining social groups or clubs based on your interests can be a great way to build new connections.
  • Volunteering: Volunteering in your community can be a great way to meet new people and make a positive impact. Look for volunteer opportunities that align with your passions and interests.
  • Seeking professional help: If you are struggling with loneliness and it is impacting your mental health, seeking professional help may be beneficial. A mental health professional can help you identify the root causes of your loneliness and provide strategies to manage it.


While sometimes it may feel nice to be alone, it is not recommended for long-term mental health. If being alone sometimes turns into all the time, you may start to feel lonely. Take steps to address it. Some ways to combat loneliness include building strong relationships with friends and family, joining social groups or clubs, volunteering in the community, and seeking professional help if needed. Combating loneliness is a process that takes time and effort. It's important to be patient and kind to yourself as you work to build connections and find a sense of belonging. Remember, it's okay to reach out for support and connection.

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